Adeline (Cooper) Burroughs
September 03, 1846 - July 07, 1919

by Sarah Sherwood McMillan

Adeline Cooper Burroughs was a fifth generation descendant of early pioneer stock in Carolina. Her paternal and maternal ancestors had been in America prior to 1730. Of these early Carolina pioneers we know little concerning their professions, except that they were Indian traders, preachers, planters, and landowners. Grants of land have been recorded in their names in the areas to which they immigrated.

Adeline Cooper Burroughs' parents, Timothy and Mary Harriet Beaty Cooper, lived on a site on the Dog Bluff Road near Conwayborough, South Carolina. "They were strict members of the Methodist Church in Conwayborough, and their home was known as a stopping place for traveling ministers when passing from Marion to the sea, on the other side of the Waccamaw River, which was called All Saints Parish." 1 Their home was described as a pleasant one and that Timothy Cooper was a good Christian and a highly esteemed citizen. Adeline Cooper was the eighth of their nine children.

Adeline Cooper received the maximum education offered in Conwayborough at the time, attending schools monthly or yearly in private homes as schooling became available to her. Then, when Mr. James Mahoney organized the old Academy in 1854 she became a regular student there "from the first to the last day that it ran." 2 This saw her through the tenth grade.

Dr. D.J. McMillan, the new Methodist minister in Conwayborough, was an agent for the Spartanburg Female Academy. Through his recommendation, Adeline Cooper and her older sister Ellen and three other young ladies from the area were driven by buggy on a cold February morning (circa 1863) from their homes to Marion, South Carolina. This was an all-day trip. They spent the night in a hotel there and were taken by train the next day to Columbia, again chaperoned by the Rev. McMillan. Only one young lady in the group had ever seen a train before. After an overnight in a hotel in Columbia, they were put into the hands of Professor Blake of the Spartanburg Female Academy, who, after bidding Reverend McMillan goodbye, accompanied them to the school where the young ladies passed their entrance exams and were admitted to the Junior Class.

Adeline Cooper showed determination and ambition from her earliest days and it is evident in her preparation for undertaking an education beyond the tenth grade. She used all of her skills in this effort. It was during war times and there were few material things available. She and her sister Ellen wove the fabric and made their own dresses; they constructed hats from braided palmetto fronds and they borrowed the greatest part of their school money from a brother-in-law, with the promise of paying it back in full from the school teaching that they would be qualified to do when their training was completed. This whole program they carried out. Adeline Cooper taught in Cool Springs, Homewood and near Conwayborough before she cleared her debt.

By this time Franklin Gorham Burroughs had returned to Conwayborough following his years in the Confederate Army. He and Adeline Cooper met then and were married on November 15, 1866. She wore a costume of grey poplin with wide hoops in the skirt and a little grey hat trimmed with pink flowers. He was thirty-two years old and she was eighteen.

F.G. Burroughs had bought the four acres of Snow Hill property on Kingston Lake along with other adjoining lands on September 18, 1867. There was a house standing on the four acres which had been built by Mr. Lam Barnhill and they moved into it within the next two years from their first home on the corner of Ninth Avenue and Elm Street (about where the old Thad Elliott house now stands). Adeline Cooper Burroughs became known as "Miss Addie" and was referred to by that name for the remainder of her life.

After living in the Lam Barnhill house for a number of years Miss Addie and F.G. Burroughs had the house removed to another location and had a new house built on the Snow Hill site. This was in 1881 in time for the birth of their eighth child, Arthur Manigault Burroughs, born August 7, 1881. "The Snow Hill house was one of the most modern homes in Conway and in the county at this time. It was a large three story house painted white, with upper and lower porches called 'piazzas' all across the front." 3 "In the rear overlooking Kingston Lake were the flower gardens. The focal point was a white latticed summer-house with brick floor and with radiating walks leading to a formal garden. The garden was landscaped by Mr. Taylor from North Carolina and was lovely." 4 Both of my grandparents were interested in plants but Miss Addie's flower garden was one of her joys.

Miss Addie was a leader in the Conway community in a quiet, dignified manner, principally as a wife and mother whose foremost concerns were the smooth operation of her household and the welfare of those around her. She had the natural gift of intelligence. She was devoted to her husband and must have been determined to hold up her end of the bargain in making their life together a success. My mother said that the running of the Snow Hill household was given over completely into Miss Addie's jurisdiction and that her word was the law. There were big decisions concerning the yearly requirements of a place the size of the Snow Hill establishment.

"Our home was constantly full of company. I don't know how my mother ever managed, for there was never a meal or a night that she knew how many guests we would have. Papa's business friends and commission merchants from the North and the outlying communities were always there, and they brought their families. Luckily we had many good servants. These men from New York and Philadelphia were good to our family too. Their wives did the buying for the nicer clothes and furnishings that we had. I remember Sister Effie having such a wonderful trip to New York to visit in their Homes." 5

Aside from the daily routine at Snow Hill there were the yearly events: hog killing in the cold winter weather with its sausage and liver-pudding making; rendering lard and soap; preparing hams and side meat for the smokehouse; the yearly trip to the ocean, Singleton's Swash being the selected place for the ten day or two weeks campout to which everyone in the Conway area was invited. "Our trips to Singleton's Swash, a few miles above Myrtle Beach, were quite an institution. The whole town would go, and all the food, except sea-food, was taken with us. We would leave Conway by steamboat and go to Grahamville where Papa had a branch store. Here the turpentine wagons were waiting to drive us to the shore." 6 The camping facilities were meager, but satisfying for those lucky enough to have made the trip. There was a single one-roomed house located on top of a dune. The approximately 16 x 20 foot room was where the women and babies slept on pallets on the floor. The men and boys slept in and under wagons outside, or in nearby makeshift shelters all covered by mosquito nets. The camping trip offered a completely different way of life with full days of swimming and fishing. F.G. Burroughs planned this trip and furnished the location, but Miss Addie carried it out.

Another yearly event was the big barbecue cookout for the town. It was held on land adjoining the Snow Hill property where Franklin G. Burroughs, their grandson, now has his home on the corner of Lakeside Drive opposite Kingston Lake. In describing life at Snow Hill, Bess B. Sherwood throws a light on Miss Addie's use of discipline and her sense of order. "Things always seemed to move along smoothly, and if ever there were disagreements among us children, if we could not settle them ourselves they settled in a wise way. If Miss Addie felt that the question needed a second opinion she would say, 'I will talk to your father about that,' and so far as we were concerned, that was the end, for those discussions were always private. I do not remember many restrictions. There were certain things that were required. Toothbrushing almost a ritual. We were not allowed to dawdle over things. We appeared at meals on time with clean faces and hands. You dressed when you got up in the morning. I can say that I never saw my mother or sisters in dressing gowns in the morning. Those things were used in the afternoon when you rested." 7

Miss Addie had an even disposition and carried out her duties with a serenity that made the running of such a household seem easy and natural. She was fourteen years younger than her husband and she treated him with great respect. Mrs. Effie Egerton said, "I never heard Mama call Papa anything but Mr. Burroughs or Your Papa. Aunt Ellen called him Frank. Mama never lost her dignity." 8

Because of the prevalence of chills and fever, the family did not always spend the summers at Snow Hill. A few places were tried, but when F.G. Burroughs heard some of his friends in Charleston talking about Hendersonville in North Carolina, in the mountains, the search was over. My mother describes the complexities of reaching the mountains from Conway; and, although I am sure that the family was accompanied by Franklin G. Burroughs on the first trip, it was Miss Addie who conducted the Conway family and aunts to Hendersonville afterwards. "We would go to Georgetown and on to Charleston by boat, then take the train to Hendersonville, which was the end of the line. In later years we would go to Georgetown then board the Atlantic Coast Line at Lanes, or we would drive to Fair Bluff and catch the train there through Florence. We always took huge hampers of food, and the 'silver Addie Cup' for drinking water." 9 The first summer in the mountains the family boarded; but, finding the area so delightful, a house was bought near Hendersonville. Franklin G. Burroughs would come and go, but the family stayed there through the summer seasons. The oldest daughter was married in that summer place in October, 1893.

There were eleven children born to my grandparents. Eight survived to reach adulthood and maturity. Grandfather felt it very important that girls receive a college education, even more so than boys. He expressed himself on this subject giving as his reasons the fact that the woman was the one to affect the next generation by example and training. Women should be educated so that the atmosphere of the home could stimulate growth in mental and cultural pursuits. He made it known that he wished all of his daughters to have a college education. Miss Addie carried out her husband's wishes. Five of her eight children were younger than twenty-one years of age when Franklin G. Burroughs died as a result of pneumonia on February 25, 1897. He was almost sixty-four years old. Miss Addie was forty-nine. All of the children, boys as well as girls, had the advantage of higher education, four of them after their father died.

The following is quoted from a letter that Miss Addie wrote to her daughter Lella, who was a student at Greensboro Female Academy in 1896. This was during the time that plumbing was being installed at Snow Hill. Miss Addie described the progress of work in an enthusiastic account never mentioning the inconvenience and upheaval inside the house. "Everybody is busy as it is Spring, and everything to be looked after, and to prepare for the District Conference too. Dr. Stokes sent around yesterday to know how many of the preachers I would take, and I told Thomas to tell him that I would take six or eight, but we are to have some other company too." 10 This little excerpt shows something of her self-confidence in management.

It was during the final years of her life, after F.G. Burroughs' death, that the true qualities of my grandmother became obvious. The six younger children were unmarried. The oldest son Frank was twenty-five years old at this time and was captain of one of the Burroughs and Collins Company steamboats. He had been married a year. Frank took over the Burroughs family interests in the Burroughs and Collins Company, but Miss Addie showed her business acumen in the conduct of the family business which still involved the running of a large farm. There was also a grist mill, and a cotton gin with its wharf adjacent, on the banks of Kingston Lake just below the Snow Hill house. There was good help and a trustworthy, well trained overseer for all of this, but Miss Addie showed a knowledge and understanding of it all.

The F.G. Burroughs family burial ground was on property nearby. Miss Addie kept the part being used by the family and gave the remainder of the acreage to the town of Conway. It was called "Lakeside Cemetery" and was designated to be used by others of the community.

In May of 1900 after the "Conway and Seashore Railraod" initiated service to the public traveling to the beach from Conway, there was a need for a name for the seashore terminus which was referred to as "New Town". A contest was held and Addie Burroughs' entry, "Myrtle Beach," was the name chosen. She had remembered the beautiful and luxuriant wax myrtle bushes that surrounded the little campsite at Singleton's Swash when the family and friends had made the yearly pilgrimages to the seashore, and the name seemed appropriate to her. The wax myrtles grew on the sand dunes all along the coast, so Myrtle Beach it became.

In 1916 in Conway Miss Addie had Kingston Lake dredged in order to deepen it. The spoil was put into the adjoining swamp. The dredging was necessary for the safety and use of the steamboats and flatboats that loaded cotton and other produce for shipment at the wharf there and unloaded supplies from the outside world. She wrote to her daughter Effie to tell her of the dredging and gave the cost of the work as $540.00.

In Decmeber of 1918 in a letter to her daughter Effie, Miss Addie states; "This will be the last of the Snow Hill farm for me as I told the boys to take it free of rent and keep it up. I shall live with Bess." 11 In 1918 another letter to her daughter Effie describes the local festivities celebrating the end of World War I, as told to her by my father and other family members. Her interest in things around her and also world events continued. It was in July 1919 when she was visiting Effie Burroughs Egerton in Hendersonville that she died peacefully in her sleep. She had suffered with asthma for years, but had never let it stop her activities. She was brought back to Snow Hill for burial in Lakeside Cemetery. She was almost seventy-one years old.

Miss Addie had lived a full and active life and had filled a place of prominence in her community. Her unassuming manner and dependability endeared her to those who knew her, and her children loved and admired her. They all proved to be good, productive, law abiding citizens who contributed in positive ways to the betterment of their community. They showed the qualities of men and women who had been brought up properly.

Genealogical Background of Adeline Cooper Burroughs

Beginning with first entry into America, and obtained from The Beatys of Kingston, a book written by Edward Stanley Barnhill, published 1958.

Adeline Cooper Burroughs' PATERNAL ANCESTORS in this country had the French names of Boisselier and Chiner (surnames). They were French Huguenots who arrived in what is now Berkeley County, St. Philip's Parish, circa 1704. The Boisselier name underwent many changes in becoming Anglicized. When it finally took the English form it became Cooper. The name Chiner was not as changed by being Anglicized, just the slight spelling difference, Chinner or Chinners.

The first Chinner in this country was Thomas Chinner, who received a land grant in June, 1697 in Berkeley County. He was an Indian trader. He had two sons, one of whom was Captain Isaac Chinners who removed to Craven County with a grant of land in September, 1736. He was a captain in Little Pee Dee Company in the Craven County Regiment that was commanded by Col. George Pawley. This was in 1757. He died circa 1766. Isaac Chinners' daughter (Sarah or Rebecca) married John Cooper, b. 1730. The first Cooper in Craven County, Carolina (later to be Georgetown and Horry Districts of South Carolina) was John Cooper, b. circa 1730. He received a grant of land there in 1757. This is the John Cooper who married Sarah or Rebecca Chinners. They had at least three children. Their oldest son was named Ezekiel Cooper, b.1761, d. 1828. Ezekiel Cooper was a merchant, Methodist minister and Revolutionary War patriot who helped the cause of the Colonies with produce, money and supplies. Ezekiel Cooper married Sarah Martha Magby, d. 1839. Ezekiel Cooper and Sarah Martha Magby Cooper had five children; their second son, Timothy Cooper, b. 1803, married Mary Harriet Beaty, b. 1807. These were the parents of Adeline Cooper Burroughs.

Adeline Cooper Burroughs' MATERNAL ANCESTORS in this country were of Scotch-Irish origin. The first of these ancestors was John Beatye from Belfast, Ireland who arrived in Berkeley County, Carolina, circa 1723. He was an Indian trader. He was the son of Arthur Beatye of Killishandra, County Cavan, Ireland. This John Beatye had married in Ireland and had at least one son before coming to America. The son was James Beatye, b. circa 1710, who later followed his father to Carolina from northern Ireland, and was also an Indian trader.

No record of James Beatye's wife's name is recorded but they had at least one son, John Beaty II, b. circa 1735 in Carolina and died in 1790. This John Beaty II furnished material aid during the Revolutionary War (produce, cattle and money). His first wife was Susanna Mansfield, who was the mother of his three children. His second wife was childless.

Susanna Mansfield was the grandaughter of the "Reverend John LaPierre, the Huguenot who was ordained a minister of the Anglican or Church of England" 12 and who came to America "Recommended to the Governor of South Carolina to preach in a parish called St. Denis in the French Colony to serve until the death of the old Settlers who did not understand the English tongue." 13 This quotation was signed October 9, 1733 in New Brunswick in Cape Fear. Reverend John LaPierre's wife was named Susanna; their daughter, Jeanne LaPierre, married Andrew Mansfield, and the first of their children was Susanna Mansfield, b. prior to 1743 and married John Beaty II.

John Beaty II and Susanna Mansfield Beaty has three children and their first son John Beaty III, b. 1762, d. 1837 married Elizabeth Mary Prince, b. 1763.

Elizabeth Mary Prince, b. 1763 whose ancestors had been in St. Thomas and St. Denis Parish Register in 1713 (Wilmington Coastal area of North Carolina) was the Grandaughter of Joseph Prince, the Elder, a French Huguenot and his wife Elizabeth Mary Horry, (Lewis) Prince. Joseph Prince, the Elder, is listed in "Original Grants 1674- 1773" as receiving grants of land in Craven County in 1735 and also in 1754. He was a ships captain, referred to as Master of Ships, mentioned in February, 1734 in "Journal of the Commons House of Assembly" and also in "'South Carolina Gazette" in 1734; 1735 and 1736 telling of exits and entries into the port of Charles Town in a vessel "Peter and Mary". The "Gazette" also mentions his entries to and from Boston.

This Joseph Prince, the Elder, and his wife Elizabeth Mary Horry (Lewis) Prince were the parents of Nicholas Prince, the Elder. Nicholas Prince, the Elder, married ..... Lewis, daughter of Solomon Lewis of Old Town Greek in Bath County, North Carolina. Nicholas Prince and ..... Lewis Prince had at least two children, the first of whom was Elizabeth Mary Prince, b. circa 1763. Elizabeth Mary Prince married John Beaty III b. 1762. (Note. Having two of the wives of the Prince family with the same surname of Lewis is onflusing, but Elizabeth Mary Horry (Lewis) Prince, wife of Joseph Prince, the Elder, was only a Lewis by a former marriage. Her first husband was Charles Lewis, who was a ships captain and a planter, who died circa 1730. Then, as before mentioned, the wife of Nicholas Prince, the Elder, ..... Lewis, was the daughter of Solomon Lewis of Old Town Creek, Bath County, North Carolina.)

John Beaty III and Elizabeth Mary Prince Beaty were the parents of eight children. Mary Harriet Beaty, b. 1807 was their eighth child.

It was this Mary Harriet Beaty, b. 1807 who married Timothy Cooper. They were the parents of Adeline Cooper Burroughs.


Children of Franklin Gorham and Adeline Cooper Burroughs

  1. Effie Tolar Burroughs (Mrs. James Lafayette Egerton), born November 11, 1867, died March 25, 1955.
  2. George Burroughs, born January 24, 1869, died February 12, 1869.
  3. Beulah Burroughs, born February 7, 1870, died November 14, 1871.
  4. Franklin Augustus Burroughs, born April 16, 1872, died October 12, 1947. (Married Iola Buck.)
  5. Ruth Adeline Burroughs, born September 2, 1875, died July 29, 1902
  6. Ella Edith Burroughs (Mrs. Henry L. Buck), born September 23, 1877, died September 12, 1899.
  7. Claudia Burroughs, born January 28, 1880, died February 12, 1880.
  8. Arthur Manigault Burroughs, born August 7, 1881, died August 14, 1912. (Married Frances Green Coles.)
  9. Sarah Best Burroughs (Mrs. Edwin James Sherwood), born March 3, 1884, died December 29, 1964.
  10. Donald McNeill Burroughs, born April 7, 1887, died August 23, 1969. (Married Georgia McCall Rogers.)
  11. Lucille Norton Burroughs (Mrs. Samuel Gillespie Godfrey), born September 21, 1891, died December 31, 1974.


Footnotes

  1. Ellen Cooper Johnson's Memoirs. (Ellen Cooper was a sister of Adeline.)
  2. Ibid.
  3. Quoted from conversations with Donald McNeill Burroughs, youngest son of Addie and F. G. Burroughs. (Recorded by Adalyn Sherwood Kearns.)
  4. Sarah Best Burroughs ("Bess"), ninth child of Adeline Cooper and F.G. Burroughs. She was Mrs. Edwin James Sherwood, my mother.
  5. Donald McNeill Burroughs, youngest son of Addie Cooper and F.G. Burroughs.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Sarah Best Burroughs Sherwood ("Bess".)
  8. Effie Tolar Burroughs Egerton (Miss Effie), sister.
  9. Sarah Best Burroughs Sherwood ("Bess".)
  10. Adeline Cooper Burroughs to Ella Edith Burroughs ("Lella"), sixth child of Adeline Cooper and Franklin G. Burroughs. Later the wife of H.L. Buck.
  11. Adeline Cooper Burroughs.
  12. Edward Stanley Barnhill, The Beatys of Kingston., p. 7.
  13. Ibid., p. 17.

The Independent Republic Quarterly
Vol.20 No.4; Fall 1986; pp.14-19

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