Franklin Gorham Burroughs

(1834-1897)

At some point before the 1850s the Burroughs family of Martin County, NC, became familiar with the Conwayborough, Horry District, South Carolina area. Anthony Burroughs, the father of Franklin Gorham Burroughs, acted as a sort of broker between slaveowners who had excess male slaves, and the lumber, turpentine and rice producers of Horry District who needed seasonal labor. These contractors brought slaves from areas where they were not needed to places where they could be profitably used. It was in this capacity that Anthony Burroughs, whose home was near Williamston, Martin County, NC, came here from time to time before the War Between the States.

Anthony Burroughs’ son, Franklin Gorham Burroughs, was born near Williamston, NC on December 28, 1834. By his own testimony he had little schooling. In a letter to her own grandson, his daughter told this story, which she had probably heard from her father:

"He and three or four big boys were given the job of clearing some stumps out of the school yard.... They protested that digging stumps was not what they had come to school to learn, that they had cleared stumps on the farm. I wish I knew more details about the affair. All that we know is that the boys took the teacher by his arms and legs and threw him in the spring. You don’t need to follow his example in this."
John Burroughs, brother of Franklin, told his nephews Frank and Don after their father’s death of the day when Franklin Burroughs decided he did not want to be a farmer all his life. They were walking over some property they had inherited when John stopped and said:
"This is the spot where your father decided he did not want to make his living farming. He had been ploughing, and had cut the toes off his shoes to let the sand run out, and had run a splinter in his foot. He did not see [me] approaching with his dinner, and [I] heard him cussing away: 'Be damned if I am going to spend the rest of my life trying to make a living farming.' He had been talking before this of leaving home, and going out for himself, but this was the day he made his decision."
Frank Burroughs was anxious to get out on his own. A relative in Tennessee who owned his own business offered to help him get started. However, Franklin's father suggested he first visit Conwayborough, in Horry District, SC, where his aunt's former husband, James S. Pulley, had settled (Franklin's aunt was Julia Elizabeth Burroughs Pulley).  In the late 1840s, Pulley had left Julia Elizabeth in N.C., moved to Conwayborough, changed his name to James S. Burroughs, remarried and started a new family.  It is not known whether James did not send for his 1st wife in N.C., or if she refused to follow him.

Franklin’s mother, Ethelinda Cobb Burroughs, gave him $40.00 and he promised that he would try to visit her at least once a year. (He kept the money all his life and passed the coins on to his children.)

He came to Conwayborough in 1857 and for a time worked for James S. Pulley (alias James S. Burroughs), but he still intended to go on to Tennessee. He sometimes clerked in James' store, acted sometimes as a deputy sheriff, and found small projects which he undertook on his own. He won the contract, for example, to build a bridge and gallows for Horry District.

Within three years of arriving in Conwayborough, Horry District, SC, Frank Burroughs was in business on his own. When the 1860 Census was taken, he was living in a household with Benjamin J. Singleton and Alexander Singleton. He and B. J. Singleton are listed as merchants and were already partners operating a naval stores distillery and commissary.

The War Between the States began in April, 1861. Franklin Burroughs enlisted in the local Brooks Rifle Guards on July 19, 1861. This outfit became Co. B of the 10th Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers. The next spring (1862) the Tenth was ordered to the western army under Gen. Albert Sidney Johnson. Frank was popular enough among his comrades to be asked to stand for election to an officer’s rank, but with characteristic modesty he consistently refused.

At the battle of Nashville in December, 1864, he was captured and sent to a prison at Ft. Douglas, IL, where he suffered great hardship during the northern winter. There were people living near the prison whom he believed to be under some obligation to his family. Under prison rules he could mail a letter if he gave up food for a day. He sent a letter to these people asking for warm clothing. They replied that they would provide him the clothing on the condition that he take the oath of allegiance to the Union. Frank gave up his meals for another day in order to let them know that he refused their offer.

There was at least one other Horry man with him at Ft. Douglas. Jim Dimery, whom he identified as a Croatan, was from the area south of Aynor. The Dimery family were free people of color, usually a designation for Indians. John Dimery had bought land in Gunter’s Island about 1812. His family and others associated with them were generally accepted as Indians and it is out of this group that the present group seeking tribal identification is descended [Waccamaw Indian People].

Jim Dimery was a carver. Using peach kernels, bits of bone and mussel shells, he carved little figures which he was allowed to sell to Yankees who came to see the captured rebels. According to Burroughs’daughter, Lucile Godfrey, this man was able to buy food which he shared with Burroughs, establishing a relationship which lasted the rest of their lives (“Don tells me that he saw that Jim never suffered from need as long as he lived.” IRQ 15:1:11)

When the war ended, Franklin Burroughs thought again of making a life for himself in the west. He spent several months traveling there, but in the end returned to Conwayborough. He courted and won Adeline Cooper, fifth of the daughters of Timothy Cooper and Mary Harriet Beaty. They were married in 1866. Frank was thirty-two, his bride eighteen. Within a year he had bought the Snow Hill property on Kingston Lake and settled “Miss Addie” there as mistress of the farm and mother of a growing family.

His partnership with Singleton had ended when Singleton hired another man to serve in his place in the Confederate army. Singleton moved away from the county. Frank Burroughs chose as his new partner William D. Gurganus, who had also come to Conwayborough from Martin County, NC. They bought a turpentine still at 9th and Elm from Samuel Bell, promising to pay off their debt by a certain date. Burroughs made the deadline, but it was not easy. He worked two shifts at the still. They might have lost the first shipment of spirits of turpentine if Burroughs had not paid close attention to detail.

"The first shipment of spirits of turpentine after the war almost met a fatal end. Papa had borrowed money to send it north by sailing vessel. When he bot his bill of lading here it was short a good many barrels from his tally handed in at Potts Bluff. He rode horseback to Georgetown where he overtook the captain just before sailing. He was not anxious to go down in the hold and count barrels—there is a possibility that it was not altogether an oversight. At any rate Mr. Hazard, who knew Papa and the captain, was able to work out some arrangement between them. After it was settled, Mr. Hazard suggested that he take out insurance on his load. He did and the vessel was never heard of again. If he had lost this load, it would have been a terrific blow; as it was, the insurance enabled him to hold on." — Lucile Godfrey, IRQ 15:1:15
Unfortunately, Gurganus, the first postwar partner, died in 1870. He is buried at Kingston Presbyterian Cemetery.

Another partner, Hamp Hart, left the firm to become a partner with John R. Tolar as commission merchants in New York City. This move was undoubtedly advantageous for Burroughs as well, since he now had a business connection with a factor whom he liked and trusted. The firm was headquartered in New York and handled much of the naval stores business there for Horry County distillers.

At some point, according to Mrs. Godfrey, Benjamin G. Collins, who started as a driver with the company, had come to work for the company, but it was not until after Hart resigned that his name became associated with Burroughs, and the firm became the legendary Burroughs and Collins. It was the preeminent business firm in Horry during the latter half of the 19th century and enjoyed a reputation for astuteness, but also for honesty in dealing with customers large and small. The firm operated sawmills and turpentine stills, commissary stores, farms and a steamboat line, even at one time a brickyard.

Both partners, though different in personality and habits, were much admired in the community. Collins liked to be out and about in the town, associating with other businessmen, active in civic affairs. He was a lay preacher and enjoyed being in the forefront of any group he joined. Burroughs, who was modest and shunned any public display, tended closely to all the practical matters of running the business. Burroughs was interested in acquiring farm and forest land, while Collins was more inclined toward land in the village. As partners, they were generous in donating land for community projects, including many churches and schools.

Although Conwayborough had had an Academy since 1857, the school had a hard time collecting enough tuition to pay teachers and stay in business. Ambitious schoolmasters, even the Masons of the town, tried to run the school and gave it up.

Though he himself had scant education, Burroughs appreciated its worth. As his children reached school age, he took on the challenge of providing schooling for the whole community. Burroughs School was tuition funded, but Burroughs undertook to guarantee salaries and other expenses should tuition fail to cover them fully.

He constructed a new school building at the corner of what is now Main Street and Kingston Lake Drive. The road beside it ran down toward the lake and his home. The children drank water from the Peggy Ludlam Spring just down this road from the school. His lumber mill, established in 1874, was across the lake. The road was known as the Sawdust Road because sawdust from the mill was spread along it to help move logs from the Main Street down to Kingston Lake where they could be floated across to the mill.

Burroughs directed the business affairs of the Burroughs School personally, hiring and firing staff and determining what should be taught. After a number of years he asked his partner, B. G. Collins, and his brother-in-law, John Asa Mayo, to join him as a three man board of trustees. His efforts benefited not only his own children, but those of Conwayborough and beyond. The school became known for its academic quality. Students from the area around the county seat came to town to go to this school. Families in the village offered room and board at reasonable costs.

In the 1880s the firm saw the potential of getting into the steamboat business. The sternwheeler Juniper was its first purchase. They put it into service between Georgetown and Conway on a regular schedule. Gen. Hoyt McMillan wrote about it:

"The boat was old and not in very good shape when purchased in Wilmington. Capt. Ike Williams, the captain, used to say that he could tell when they got to the Great Pee Dee River—the water in the hold changed color. It is said that sometimes he would purposely run her on a mud flat at low tide let her sit there in the mud. Then, when the tide rose and refloated her, the pressure would push the mud tight in the cracks, and make her seaworthy again."
Later on the Juniper was rebuilt and became the Driver. To accomplish this work and other steamboat projects Burroughs and Collins took over an abandoned shipyard and reactivated it. It was located on Kingston Lake near the site of the old Government shipyard which was just above the point where the lake flows into the Waccamaw River. Among the riverboats built here were the Maggie, New Maggie, F. G. Burroughs, Ruth and Mitchelle C. The Burroughs, a sidewheeler, was the flagship of the line, built in 1898, the year after Franklin Burroughs died. The Burroughs was 125' long, 20' in the beam, and was licensed to carry 130 passengers.

Shortly before Frank Burroughs’ death Burroughs and Collins was incorporated. Before 1895 it had been a partnership. At that time the Waccamaw Line of Steamers became a separate firm, but was owned by Burroughs and Collins. This would become a typical pattern for the future—as a new enterprise was undertaken, there would be a new firm, but held under the same ownership. The last boat built by B & C was the Mitchelle C, named for the daughter of B. G. Collins, launched in October 1905. The line was sold to another group, known as the Waccamaw Steamboat Company in 1919. Riverboats still ran on the Waccamaw into the 1920s.

In post Civil War Horry District, land had little value. In the course of operating their naval stores and lumber business, the partners acquired land all over the county. Owners were frequently willing to give Burroughs and Collins a fee simple title for little more than they would have to pay for the right to cut the timber or tap the pines for turpentine. Acre by acre, farm by farm, the firm’s acreage increased until they became the chief landowner in the county.

Burroughs and Collins had extensive operations on the coast at the site of present day Myrtle Beach. A camp for their employees along with a commissary story was located not far from the beach. According to Mrs. Godfrey much of that land was acquired from Dusenbury and Sarvis, Buck and Beaty (both turpentine dealers), and Gilbert and Potter (a New York factor). Much of this land was granted originally to members of the Withers family in the 1700s and extended from Withers Swash to Singleton Swash (the Dunes Club). It had passed through several owners, including Joshua John Ward.

By 1890, according to Mrs. Godfrey, it had become apparent to Burroughs and Collins that the turpentine business was on its way to Georgia.

"In order to market the timber, or to realize anything for this land, it would be necessary to get some means of transportation. The turpentine products had to be hauled, though laboriously, by ox and mule team to the river.. . ."
A railroad had been built from North Carolina to Conway in 1887 for just this purpose. The Chadbourn brothers, who built it, were trying to move their products to the Waccamaw where steamboats could take them on their way to all points. The lesson was not lost on Burroughs and Collins.

Before he died in 1897, Frank Burroughs set in motion the surveying of a rail line from the Waccamaw to the coast.

His sons carried out the project and the first train ran in 1900. Franklin Burroughs may have, as legend would have it, envisioned future development as a resort, but his prime objective was to get his products to market.

Franklin Burroughs was arguably the dominant business figure of the second half of the 19th century in Horry County. He had an enviable reputation in the community and wherever the companies he founded conducted business. He was known for his modesty, his business acumen, his generosity to family and community, his loyalty to his family and his rock solid integrity.

There are many stories about F. G. Burroughs which have been handed down by members of the family and by people in the community who knew him. All reveal a modest, unpretentious man, but one who enjoyed family and friends. He was blessed with a wife, an excellent manager, who organized the practical side of any event he planned.

In 1895 Burroughs and Collins converted their longstanding partnership into a corporation. The various enterprises of the firm, like the Waccamaw Line of Steamers, became separate corporations, but remained very much in the control of the parent firm. Each of the partners had developed still other enterprises apart from Burroughs and Collins. B. G. Collins, for example, had become interested in banking and helped to establish banking in Conway.

Franklin G. Burroughs died of pneumonia on February 25, 1897, when he was only sixty-three years old. J. R. Tolar, a friend of thirty-five years, wrote the obituary in the Horry Herald (March 11, 1897). It begins:

"Horry County has lost her foremost citizen, the poor of the county white and black have lost their best friend, the community has lost its most public spirited man, the family have lost a devoted husband and father and the writer of this mourns the loss of a staunch and faithful friend of thirty five years acquaintance. . . .It was a marked characteristic of the big hearted man that he never judged a man by his clothes or his money. Prince and pauper were alike his fellow men, and as such, entitle to respectful kindly treatment. Making no undue pretensions himself, he despised shams, pretension and hypocracy in his fellow man."
Eight children survived him. Five were still under twenty-one. Only two were married. With the help of her sons, Frank, Arthur, and Don, and trusted employees of the company, Miss. Addie assumed the responsibility of managing his extensive enterprises.

No doubt the succession of a second generation of Burroughses to management of the firm altered its internal dynamics. B. G. Collins began to develop outside interests, particularly in banking. In 1906 Collins sold his interests to the Burroughs brothers for $99,000, three times the par value of his stock. (HH 13 Dec 1906) The firm retained the Burroughs & Collins name under which it continued to operate until the creation of Burroughs and Chapin, Inc., around 1990.

One of Addie Burroughs’ first major decisions was to give an option on land at Grantsville for the Homewood Colony. One of the colonists named Hanson would later put Simeon B. Chapin in touch with the Burroughs family. Chapin entered the scene in 1912. After an initial decision not to invest because of the remoteness of the area from his usual area of operation, he shook hands with Frank and Don Burroughs on a deal to create Myrtle Beach Farms. Burroughs and Collins conveyed more that 65,000 acres of land on the coast to the new firm.

After the abortive Woodside development for which Myrtle Beach Farms sold about 65,000 acres, that land reverted to the company. Part of the land had to be released to pay the back taxes, but the heart of what is now Myrtle Beach remained in company hands. It did not abandon its operations on the western side of the county, but over time its focus changed to its coastal interests.

Franklin Gorham Burroughs was not a member of any church, but he was clearly a man of high moral values which guided his daily decisions. His friend, J. R. Tolar, wrote in Burroughs’ obituary, “He practiced more christianity [sic] in his dealings with his fellow men, than thousands who make great professions.”

Frank and Addie Burroughs had eleven children, but three of them died in infancy. A daughter, Ruth, was a drowning victim at Myrtle Beach in 1902, when she was a young woman. Arthur lost an arm in a sawmill accident and died in a tragic explosion at the Southern Woods Products plant on August 4, 1912. The remaining six—two brothers and four sisters—were very close.

Boys and girls alike were brought up to work. The sons were trained in the business and required to start at the bottom. As each reached a certain age, he was sent to the commissary store at Grahamville, just upriver from Conway, to learn how to be a clerk.

Burroughs’ personal values were conveyed in a letter to his eldest son, Franklin Augustus Burroughs, on the occasion of the young man’s leaving for school in Asheville, NC. It contains very practical advice on how to conduct a decent life. The spelling, while a clear indication of how little formal education he had, in no way dims the message.

"Conway, So. Car.
August 31, 1890

Deare Sone:
33 years agoe today I left my natif state, Father, Mother, Brother & Sisters. It seemes very plaine to me now. When leaving, I promised my deare Mother when I was leaving her, I would not forget her, and would visit her as long as I was able to goe to her once a yeare. I Allso promased her, with the helpe of the Lord, I would nevr doe nothing to disgras her or the family. It has allwase bin my daily object to doe so. I had a Purpos in my harte to doe something for my selfe. I could see others prosperd in thir world goods, and I detirmed to try and doe so.

When I left home it was in slavry time. I left with the determination of owning 100 negros if I lived till 30 years old. Still I have lived till nearly 56 and dont own none.

Of course things changed by the war. I then had to make a nother start and effort for which I have no reason to complane. My success so far has bin owning to my energy and Prompness in my bussness transactions. I have allwase made it a Point to let my word be my bond. When I promased a man to doe anything, I did it. But allwase tried to be very cearfull what I promasd. So you are now on the eve of leaving home. The Place you will look back in past years, and say what a Good time I had arond Snow Hill, and I Passed my Golden hours then, but did not now it then.

This is a very hard world if you dont get started in the right, and if started right, it is very good. You have the advantag of a good many young me. You have a good and religus Mother that has traned you in the right way for you to go. She has done all a Mother could for a sone, and I hope you will doe by her as I did by you. Give her your word to never caus her to shead a tere by anything you mite do. So many parents send ther children off and have ther hopes blinded by the corse ther childrn take.

In starting out in life, a good deal depens on the company they keep. They are, a greate many times judged by that. It will not hold good all the time, but 99 times out of 100, it will.

Now I will tell you som of the gratst dangrs with a man starting out in life. In the first place, he thinks himselfe a man before he is. He may have the sinse, but not the Experens. The right road is strate and as long as a man’s life is. We doe not goe far on this long strate road before it forks off. A big plane road turnes off to the left, 4 times as wide looks like. Its paved with gold. That is wimen. You turn out, because you dont know it at the time, and all the peepl seeme to be going that way—men that you look on as good men, goes on. Still you dont goe far before your consense says this is not right. Right then a Frend (as yu think) says “Look, what have you stoped for? You say I dont think I will go any further. This is not right. Your frend says “come on—we can have a splended time with the ladies and pass off the night so pleasant.” So reluctnly you move on. So, as your frend says, that night passes off, and a nother comes. Then to a danse or a Play. So prity soon you will drift in bad sosity and among bad wimen who will talk all kind of good talk, and make you believe they would die for you—and at the same time they are just fixin to get you tangled in with them—and that is one of the hardest things to brake off from. It will soon become your nature—and then it is as hard to quit as it is to take your left arm with your right hand. But after all, wimen is one of the Gratest Blessings on Earth. A good woman above ever thing else. As for a bad woman, there is no telling where the end of meaness is. Still its not every woman has done bad.

Let me beg of you not to trifle with a womans hearte. Dont doe, or say any thing to make her think or believe she will marry you, or you, her. Keep away from them as much as you can, till you becom a settled man—and then, if you want to marry, select you a good healthy woman for a wife. Its rong for me to select one for you, but I will say this—all we look on, after we are married, is our family. That is the most to us of any thing—our wife and little ones. And a grate deal depends on the woman we marry. Be cearfull. Find out as much about the girl as you can befor marying, and alow yourself to love her. See the family is all right, healthy and strong—no consumption and such like in the Family. If that be the case, you will sooner or later expect some of your sons and daughtrs will have it too. I say all this because I love you, and try to point out as clear a road as I can.

A nother grate eveal is whisky and gambling. Wimen will most be certan to cary you to a bar room, and from thre, to the card table, and from there, to the Lawers office, and from thre, to the corte House, and from there, to the jale, and from the jale, to the gallos. Thers all thes things back of all the killing, fusses, and stealing mostely come from bad men and whisky.

My sone, pleas shun the grate dangers that swallow up so many young men as they start out in life with a fine prospect a head—they get in truble and caus the father and mother many tears, and probly spend the last dollar they have to save there child from the gallow or Penetentiary. Never do any thing but what you are willing the world should now it. And if you will follow that, you will mostly be right.

A nothr vry importan matter ruins so many men, is publick life. Do not hold no office no higher than overseer of the road. Keep out of Politicks. Simply vote allwas acording to your best judgment—for good of your county, state, or U. S. state, which ever it may be. Never take a brib. Never sell out your princpal for money. Never tell all you nowe. Find out all you can, and lay it a way and use it when to your advantag. Never feel or act about your fellow man. Be kind to all. Noe no diffrence between a poor man and a Rich one. And if you cant doe but one a favor, doe it to the one who is most needing it. Never use your frends to much. Call on them when you can doe no other way. The more times you call on them, the more times you will be called on. Never go on a bond of a Guardian. Keep off all bonds in office. Have no office, and you will have no bond to give. But keep all that to yourself. When you can accommodate any frend without a injury to your selfe, doe so—or to your enemy. The grate secret of life is this—make all men like you—and to doe that, you will have to study human nature more than I have, or ever will. But a few points: Alwas have a kind word—speak kindly to all—seem willing to helpe them—talk plesantly to them—never say No harm—if you cant say something in ther favor, say nothing against them. When you fall in with a bad crew of men, be Pleasant and get out as soon as you can. There is no danger in being with a bad man alone. You can talk to him all alone, and your talk will have a good berring, but the same talk with 2 or 3, one would be made and probably curse you, while the other maybe would take it as a kindness. Speak to or talk to, all alike in your every day busness. When Sundy comes, or a time to take rest, or on any trip, stop only among the best. Keep company with the best. But remembr your living comes out of the poor clas. If you do any busness, never cheat. Give wate and measur. Allways remembring the wate and measur will be returned the same to you, or to your offspring.

You will now soon commens a new life, allmost have to depend on your selfe in some respecs. I will pay your scholing for 18 months, while a grate many dont have that done for them. Remembr it cost me over 8 dollars a day to send you there. I want you to doe this the first thing—take care of your health. Doe that befor you lose it. Make up your mind, with the help of the Lord, you will not be the Dullest boy in school. Have prid enough to say to your selfe I Will do—not I will try—but say I WILL, with the helpe of the Lord, be a man that my parents and county and state will not be a shame of. Have prid enough not to let no one from this county be a head of you. If you will doe all you can, and ask the Lord to help you out, He will doe it. Make it a rule to lose no time till you get your lessons. Get to the bottom of the study first. I guess you will have plenty.

I rote the other day to Wayne [Bingham] that I was going to send you up there to him, and I hoped he would give you some good room mates, which I hope he will. You must not study about home. You must put your studis on yur books, and learn all you can. I have no education, and for that reason I cant say what is best to study, but you had aught to noe what you want to doe and what you will think will suite you and what you will suite; and then get all the information you can to help you thrugh. I am willing to give you a good educaton if you will have it and doe the best for you I can, but its no use to send you to school if you dont want to goe, and its no sue to study medicne if you aim to be a Lawyer. So I shall leave your studis to your selfe and teacher.

You have been a very good boy, and I hope you will continue to be. You have had, as I sed befor, good Mothers traning. I have never done my duty towards you for 2 reasins. One was for your Mother was better to teach you religion than myself, but other was I wass all the time away. While my hearte and sole is with you and alwys will be and I hope you will so act thrugh your life that we will alwys be proud of our boy, and if we should be spard to be of old age, he can tell us he feels proud of us for helping him.

Now is your goldn hours, dont let them pass without a harvist. Put your mind on your books and not on home. We will write you ofen and kep you posted up on all things as far as we can. If you need any thing, ask us now. If you git sick, let us noe. While in school, try and make all the frends you can. Do your best to make all love you. Say nothing about no one. Tell no news. Never tell your teachr a storie. Nevr report any one if you can helpe it. Doe your dute withouth grumbling. Allways report for duty when able. If a bad job is a head, dont goe on sick list to keep out of it. Doe every thing like you are told. When you start some thing get thrugh with it before you stop. You will have a time for all thes things and be ready to meet them when the Hour and Minut comes. The time is now comin when evry minut is to be accounted for. Its all laid down and must be complid with. If others noes mor than you, doe dont be ashamed. Goe to the Front, Press forward, Push a head—dont waite because others doe. Press forward and win the Prise. Nevr pass on what you have, or your parents have. Nev brag. Allwys helpe the oppresed. Helpe them that is in trouble, nevr helpe them that need no helpe. Alwys be on hand when any one is in truble. Nevr put on those that cant help them selves, but put out your hand and helpe them from sinking. Make all the acquantenc you can with the young men from different states, and probly by so doing, some time they may helpe you, as you can them.

I guess you will be worne out before you git thrugh, but tis lonesom here alone, and I guess you will have some lonely hours to pass off, so that you can take time to read this. It will doe you no harm to read it evry month till school is up. I will stop now. Sept. 2, 1890. I Will send this by Mrs. Ellen. This leavs me well. Your F. G. B."

One of Adeline Burroughs’ daughters later wrote:
"I don't know how my mother ever managed, for there was never a meal or a night that she knew how many guests we would have. Papa's business friends and commission merchants from the North and the outlying communities were always there, and they brought their families."
The Burroughes also annually gave a big barbecue for the town. A granddaughter wrote: Aside from the daily routine at Snow Hill there were the yearly events: hog killing in the cold winter weather with its sausage and liver-pudding making; rendering lard and soap; preparing hams and side meat for the smokehouse; the yearly trip to the ocean, Singleton's Swash being the selected place for the ten day or two weeks campout to which everyone in the Conway area was invited. F. G. Burroughs planned this trip and furnished the location, but Miss Addie carried it out.

From the files of Catherine H. Lewis
Corrections and updates made in 2007 by JBB

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