Evergreen Community
by W. Hal King

EDITOR'S NOTE
No more beloved family than the Hal Kings of Evergreen Road (off Highway 701) reside in Horry. They have entered into many phases of town and country life, serving unstintingly of their time and talent. Their children are all outstanding in their separate ways; yet a warmth pervades their home life so strongly that love and consideration for each one is ever present. The eldest child, named William Lupo for his maternal grandfather of Green Sea and called Billy Po throughout his youth, graduated with honor from Conway High School and Furman University. He studied at the Sorbonne after which time he remained for two years in Paris as interpreter at the American Embassy. He holds a Ph. D. in French from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has taught French at Vassar College, The College of Charleston, and Furman. For the past few years he has taught at St. Johns University, Long island, N.Y. He is an extensive world traveler. Robert Burns (Bobby) the second son, also graduated from Furman, studied music at Union Theological Seminary in New York, under Longlais, the blind organist, and Durfle of Paris. This past summer he studied organ in Cologne, Germany, under Michael Schneider. Since his graduation from Seminary, he has served as Minister of Music at the First Presybterian Church of Burlington, N. C., and gives concerts up and down the East coast. The Kings' only daughter, Minnie Ella, a Winthrop graduate in Home Economics, is married to Daniel Burn Shelley of Mullins. They have two children, Susan and Danny.

Always a successful gardener, Mr. King supplies many friends with flowers and fresh vegetables. He and his wife now operate a florist business, catering to weddings and other affairs. In 1966-1967 while traveling to Horry School, in a sparsely settled community, I was impressed with the fine planting around the building and wondered who had been so wise as to beautify the sandy grounds until I rernembered that Mr. King had been there.

Evergreen Community

My father, William H. King, for whom I am named, lived and reared his family where I now live. The Kings came from Wales and settled around Raleigh, N. C. before the 18th Century. Calvin King came to what is now Horry County about 1855. He bought a tract of land extending from where I live to the Willow Springs Road. Calvin King, my grandfather, pruned the oak tree in my front yard in the year 1856. He planned to build here. He married Orilla Jordan, sister of Lafyette Jordan, in 1860.

Calvin King entered the Confederate Army in 1861. He lost his life January 22,1862 and was buried in the City Cemetery in Vicksburg, Mississippi. The Federals were buried in Potter's Field before the Fall of Vicksburg. Having been told there were no records of my grandfather's grave, my son, Bobby King, went to the cemetery and found his grave.

My father, W. H. King, never saw his father, having been born March 4, 1862, five weeks after the death of his father.

Where I now live has been a land mark for more than one hundred years. Beyond my home, my mother and her family lived in the 1860's. Grandfather Causey, my mother's father, purchased 1000 acres of land from Tom Burroughs. He had to sell later as taxes were so high in Reconstruction Days the land and timber were not worth the payments. The land is now owned by Mrs. C. D. Pinner, Jack Nesmith, Dennis Martin, Craig Wall, and Calvin King Burroughs, who is a son of my sister, Mrs. A. A. Burroughs. This land has been trasferred from one to another more than 100 years.

My mother's old home, beyond Mrs. C. D. Pinner's home which has been razed 65 years or more, was the old Burroughs home.

My mother attended the Old Academy in Conway where I remember in 1913 seeing the building dilapidated and falling away when I attended school at Burroughs High School. While attending the Old Academy my mother walked four miles each day. She always thought so much of the Mayo girls, Gussie, Lutie, Annie, Carrie, and Maude. Maude was the mother of Evelyn Snider. When I was a young teacher, Mrs. Snider had a reception for the Horry County teachers at her home. Mrs. Snider meant a lot to us. She gave a blue ribbon for the teachers who had taught five years or more. I was a recipient.

Referring to the 1880's, my mother taught the first school in this community which is now called the Evergreen Community. One of her pupils was Dr. H. H. Burroughs, a prominent physician in Conway, who established the Burroughs Hospital in Conway. I remember quite well when Dr. Burroughs attended my mother, Frances Ella Causey King, during illness. He said, "Miss Ella, you had to punish me when I went to school to you. You should have punished me more severely. I needed it." Lillie King, my sister, was one of the first graduates of Conway Hospital.

When I attended High School in Conway, Professor Bradley was principal. Sarah McMillan, Agnes Nichols, Ruth Rheuark, Nell Rheuark, Jessamine Burroughs, Clarence Sessions (brother of Carl Sessions), Jennings Thompson, Edna Earle Spivey were some of my classmates. The majority of my classmates taught school. Cecil McKeithan, Helen Scarborough, Lottie Jones, Guy Beverly, Jim Long, and John Long were also attending at that time. At the noon recess I would run away from school and go down town and get potted ham and crackers. Cecil McKeithan, Helen McCoy and Lottie Jones would meet me in front of the old Dozier home, where Ruby Lee Wachtman now lives, and we would stuff ourselves before going back to class. I was mischievous, but they thought I could get by with Professor Bradley with almost anything. Miss Katrina Ferrel was my Latin teacher. She was an expert and I shall never forget how well she knew her Latin.

The church where I am a member is Union Methodist Church. The members were from Willow Springs, Greenwood, and Union, Which is now Evergreen Community. My Grandfather Causey gave the timber for the floor of the building around 1850. These boards were sawed by a ripsaw. Members of the Union Methodist Church at this time were Burroughes, Kings, Harrelsons, Hardees, Smiths, Dusenburys, and Lewises. The pastors at Union have been:

W. S. McCaskill, 1895J. L. Mullinex, 1926
W. S. Stokes , 1896D. C. Heath, 1928
W. F. Way, 1897J. R. Soujourner, 1929
G. W. Gatlin, 1899Thomas Kemmerlyn, 1931
W. F. Dukes, 1900W. T. Bedenbough, 1935
J. C. Welch, 1901R. N. Berry, 1937
W. W. Williams, 1902Fred Conley, 1938
F. E. Hodge, 1903J. H. Eaddy, 1939
H. L. Singleton, 1905Blanton Doggett, 1945
G. P. Penny, 1907G. A. Teasley, 1946
O. N. Roundtree, 1909J. H. Sarrio, 1947
W. R. Barnes, 1912P. B. McLeod, 1949
W. A. Youngblood, 1914R. M. Tucker, 1950
W. H. Perry, 1918Dr. M. B. Stokes, 1955
W. L. Parker, 1919Robert Griffith, 1962
W. L. Guy, 1921 Teral Lee, 1963
L. W. Shealey, 1923R. S. Kimrey, 1966
W. L. Staley, 1924Zack Farmer, 1970
W. H. Morrison, 1925 

My grandfather, A. C. Causey, was a member at Union and was Sunday School Superintendent for a number of years. Others serving as superintendent for several years were L. F. Jordan, J. R. Harper, R. L. Singleton, and my wife, Maude Lupo King who served for 25 years. In the old church we would take wood on Saturday and get up early on Sunday morning, and look for kindling to start fires for Church. Now how different - we enter the church and it is warmed by modern heating methods.

Jessie Dusenbury was pianist for a longer period than any other person. Jessie was a great worker in the church and gave of her time and talent. When it came to Easter Exercises, Children's Day, and Christmas, and New Years she always had something good. The musical plays or contatas gave the people much enjoyment.

in the Union Cemetery is a tombstone with the following epitaph:
"Remember friends as you pass by
As you are now, wonce was I
As I am now, you soon shall be.
Prepare for death and follow me."
(Notice "once" was spelled "wonce")

The colored cemetery where the slaves and their ancestors were buried is about one mile from where I live. The land was owned by Mrs. B. St. L. Sommerlyn and Marvin Floyd. The graveyard which consisted of several acres has been abandoned since I was about five years old. The last person to be buried there was Elnita Pink. I was about four years old but I remember quite well the funeral procession coming by. The casket was drawn by a mule and cart. Mary Gagum, a niece of Elnita's was driving the mule. Mary was sitting on the coffin. About fifty people were in the procession. Mary was the only one riding.

Pink Woodberry, a Negro, lived over in front of my home. Pink was always faithful in helping my mother. I thought she really thought more of us than her own family. When her two boys were born she named one Leo Clinton and the other Clinton Leo (after my brothers, Leo and Clinton.) Leo Woodbury still lives in Conway.

Before I attended Conway High School I attended the Willow Springs School. Miss Dottie Burroughs taught the last school in the Old Willow Springs School House. Other teachers who taught before Miss Dottie were Mr. William Jordan, Miss Anna McCarley, Miss Annie Suddith, Miss Bessie Rollison, (Mrs. J. K.Stalvey), Mrs. Erien Roundtree, Mrs. Ed Marsh, and Miss Mary Hamilton (Mrs. F. C. Todd). Among my classmates were Walker and Archie Gasque, Inez Proctor, Ernest Jordan, Edith Proctor, Tillman Dusenbery, Bob Roberts, Ester Hamilton, my brothers, Paulk, Winston, and Clinton King. Rosa and Gertrude Jordan, and my sisters, Lillie and Lena King. Julian Causey was one of my best friends at Willow Springs.

Willow Springs and Greenwood were consolidated to form the Evergreen School. The Longs -Hannah, Ike, Clarence, the Haiglers, Fancy and Jessie Oliver attended Evergreen School from Greenwood. Clarence Long was one of my best friends at Evergreen. Evergreen was one of the most progressive rural schools in the county when it was first built in 1911. The large bell that hung in the steeple could be heard two miles.

W. L. Gore and Dottie Burroughs were the first teachers in 1912. Others were W. L. Proctor and Miss Ella Anderson in1913. A. L. Proctor and Miss Flossie Morris, Miss Inez Bethea (mother of Dr. Howard Smith) in 1914, Miss Mollie Rouse and Miss Ruth Floyd in 1915.

1916 was my first year teaching in Evergreen. A few weeks before school was to have begun, Miss Sue Marsh resigned. I was offered her place. I had taken a course in phonics for first grade work. (The Howell Method) during summer school. This was taught in Conway by Miss Agnes Richardson who had taught at Clemson College. The courses that I took under Miss Richardson meant more to me than under any other instructors. She was thorough in her work. Later she married M. J. Bullock, County Superintendent of Education. When the Horry Normal Course for teachers was organized, Mrs. Bullock was in charge of the Normal Course.

The year 1923 Maude Lupo and I were married, I was elected Principal of Evergreen, and my wife was elected to teach, also. This was her first year of teaching at Evergreen. I taught 35 years at Evergreen. My wife taught 33 years at Evergreen. The success that I had I owe to her for I could not have done without her in the school.

Later she taught first grade ten years at Jamestown. Teaching first grade so long, my wife knew more about the home life than I, for you know, the first graders tell everything. Other teachers who taught with us at Evergreen were Mrs. Pearl Altman for seven years, Mrs. Marion P. Tucker for 18 years, Miss Essie Marsh for seven years, Mrs. James Skipper for seven years, and Mrs. Lowell Dusenbury for five years. Other teachers were Mrs. Alma Long, Mrs. Bertha Staley, Miss Alma Tucker, Mrs. Lewellyn Carter, Miss Geraldine Burroughs, Miss Nell Pinner, Mrs. Mack Moore and Miss Annie Smith, now Mrs. Leo C. King.

When I left Evergreen, I accepted Government work with the A.S.C. I worked from 1956 until 1958 as Program Clerk. I had worked in and out for 15 years or more during summer months so the work was not new to me. After the A.S.C. Office I was out of work for the first time in my life. Shortly after this, I began teaching at Horry Elementary School. Superintendent A.L. Koon called and told me I had been elected to finish that year and to serve as Principal the following year. I must say here that A. L. Koon made me very happy for teaching is what I like more than any other work.

When I went to Horry I was told I would not be there but one year for they changed principals every year. My reply was that I only accepted for one year. The people at Horry School were wonderful to me and those years meant much to me. During the six years I was principal at Horry I learned to think quite a lot of Geroy Smith who was most cooperative and helpful with our school. I retired after teaching at Horry, but I am still accepting work as a substitute teacher in several schools.

The Independent Republic Quarterly
Vol. 4 October 1970 No. 4; Pgs 23-27

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